Earth related multiple choice questions pdf

Earth related multiple choice questions pdf

145. Point of intersection of Equator and the prime Meridian is located at
(A) Atlantic Ocean
(B) Ghana
(C) Morocco
(D) Pacific Ocean
Ans: (A)

146. Zero degree latitude and zero degree longitude lies in the
(A) Atlantic Ocean
(B) Arctic Ocean
(C) Indian Ocean
(D) Pacific Ocean
Ans: (A)

147. Which of the following is not a great circle on the globe?
(A) Equator
(B) Prime meridition line
(C) 60º East longitude
(D) 60º North Latitude
Ans: (D)

148. Correct Latitudinal position of a place that could be possible is
(A) 91º North
(B) 45º East
(C) 45º South
(D) 91º West
Ans: (C)

149. Among the following cities which one lies in the farthest North?
(A) Beijing
(B) New Delhi
(C) New York
(D) Rome
Ans: (D)

150. A plane starts flying from 30º Northern latitude and 50º Eastern longitude and lands at opposite end of the Earth, where will it land?
(A) 30º Northern latitude, 50º Western longitude
(B) 30º Southern latitude, 50º Western longitude
(C) 50º Northern latitude, 30º Western longitude
(D) 30º Southern latitude, 130º Western longitude
Ans: (A)

151. If the difference of longitudes for the two places is 90º, then time interval between these places will be
(A) 3 hrs (B) 6 hrs
(C) 9 hrs (D) 12 hrs
Ans: (B)

152. Consider the geographical details given in the following figure. A 15º NL 50º NL 5º EL 6º EL The point marked by A in the above figure indicates the countries in
(A) North America
(B) South America
(C) Europe
(D) Asia
Ans: (C)

153. The time at Cairo is 2 hours ahead of Greenwich. Hence, it is located at
(A) 30º W longitude
(B) 30º E longitude
(C) 28º E longitude
(D) 28º W longitude
Ans: (B)

154. When there is mid-day in the Greenwich, local time of a place is 5 O’ clock evening. At which of the following longitude (meridians) that place will be located?
(A) 75º E (B) 75º W
(C) 150º E (D) 150º W
Ans: (A)

155. Which one of the following longitudes alongwith the prime Meridian forms a great circle on the globe?
(A) 0º (B) 90º E
(C) 90º W (D) 180º
Ans: (D)

156. When it is noon along 82º30′ E longitude along what degree of longitude it will be 6:30 a.m.?
(A) At 165º East
(B) At 67º30′ West
(C) At 0º East or West
(D) At 82º30′ West
Ans: (C)

157. The basis of deciding standard time of any place is
(A) Longitude
(B) Latitude
(C) International Date Line
(D) Prime Meridian
Ans: (D)

158. In the New Millennium first ray of the Sun was seen in which of the following Meridians of India?
(A) 2º30′ W (B) 82º 30′ E
(C) 92º30′ W (D) 93º 30′ E
Ans: (D)

159. Which one of the following Cities does not have the same clock time as that of the other three Cities at any given instant?
(A) London (UK)
(B) Lisbon (Portugal)
(C) Accra (Ghana)
(D) Addis Ababa (Ethiopia)
Ans: (D)

160. The Prime Meridian does not pass through
(A) Algeria (B) France
(C) Niger (D) Spain
Ans: (C)

161. A telegram was sent from Greenwich at 12:00 Noon. The time for transmission was 12 minutes. It reached a town at 6:00 p.m. The longitude of the town will be
(A) 97º E (B) 87º E
(C) 87º W (D) 97º W
Ans: (B)

162. When there is noon at I.S.T. meridian people another place of the Earth are taking their 6 O’ clock morning tea. The longitude of the place is
(A) 17º30′ E (B) 7º30′ W
(C) 172º30′ E (D) 90º W
Ans: (B)

163. The shortest distance between two places on the globe is along
(A) 45º N Latitude
(B) 45º S Latitude
(C) Prime Meridian
(D) International Date Line
Ans: (D)

164. International Date line passes through
(A) Africa
(B) Asia
(C) Pacific ocean
(D) Atlantic ocean
Ans: (C)

165. Which one of the following Straits is nearest to the International Date Line?
(A) Malacca Strait
(B) Bering Strait
(C) Strait of Florida
(D) Strait of Gibraltar
Ans: (B)

166. If the Earth’s direction of rotation is reversed, what should be the IST when it is noon at the International Date Line?
(A) 06:30 hrs (B) 05:30 hrs
(C) 18:30 hrs (D) 17:30 hrs
Ans: (A)

167. Captain of a ship moving Westward records the local time of 10:00 hrs Monday at 90º W. If the speed of the ship is the same as the speed of the rotation of the Earth, which of the following local time and day would be found by the captain at International date line?
(A) 04:00 hrs, Monday
(B) 10:00 hrs, Monday
(C) 10:00 hrs, Tuesday
(D) 16:00 hrs, Tuesday
Ans: (B)

168. A ship is moving from the Eastern side of Aleutian Islands towards Dutch harbor. It crosses 180º meridian on 1st January, 1999 at 23:30 hr. After crossing the meridian captain of the ship will note what time and date in his diary?
(A) January 1, 00:30 hr
(B) January 2, 00:30 hr
(C) January 3, 00:30 hr
(D) January 4, 00:30 hr
Ans: (B)

169. The local time of a place is 6:00 A.M. when the Greenwitch Mean Time (GMT) is 3:00 A.M., what is the longitude of the place?
(A) 45º West (B) 45º East
(C) 120º East (D) 120º West
Ans: (B)

170. Which path must be followed by a Ship to move from one place to another in least time?
(A) Sea or Ocean Current
(B) Sea-breez
(C) Meridian
(D) Longitude
Ans: (C)

171. The Equator passes through
(A) Cameroon (B) Costa Rica
(C) Kenya (D) Venezuela
Ans: (C)

172. The Equator does not pass through which of the following countries?
(A) Kenya (B) Mexico
(C) Indonesia (D) Brazil
Ans: (B)

173. Through which one of the following groups of countries does the Equator pass?
(A) Brazil, Zambia and Malaysia
(B) Colombia, Kenya and Indonesia
(C) Brazil, Sudan and Malaysia
(D) Venezuela, Ethiopia and Indonesia
Ans: (B)

174. The total length of Earth’s equator is about
(A) 6,400 km (B) 12,800 km
(C) 40,000 km (D) 5,000 km
Ans: (C)

175. Which one of the following cities is nearest to the equator?
(A) Colombo (B) Jakarta
(C) Manila (D) Singapore
Ans: (D)

176. The latitude at which ‘Annual Range of Temperature’ remains minimum is
(A) Equator
(B) Tropic of Cancer
(C) Tropic of Capricorn
(D) North Pole Circle
Ans: (A)

177. Which of the following countries are located on the Equator?
1. Brunei 2. Columbia
3. Kenya 4. Venezuela Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(A) 1 and 2 (B) 2 and 3
(C) 3 and 4 (D) 1 and 4
Ans: (B)

178. The Equator, Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn, all the three pass through which one of the following Continents?
(A) Africa
(B) Asia
(C) North America
(D) South America
Ans: (A)

179. The Tropic of Cancer does not pass through
(A) Egypt (B) India
(C) Iran (D) Myanmar
Ans: (C)

180. At the Winter Solstice the noon altitude of the Sun at the Tropic of Cancer is
(A) 23.5º (B) 43.0º
(C) 47.0º (D) 66.5º
Ans: (D)

181. Which of the following phenomenon happens in India when the Sun-shines vertically over the Tropic of Capricorn?
(A) High pressure develops over North-West India
(B) Low pressure develops over North-West India
(C) No change in pressure occurs over North-West India
(D) Temperature increases in North-West India
Ans: (A)

182. Tropic of Capricorn does not pass through
(A) Bolivia (B) Paraguay
(C) Argentina (D) Brazil
Ans: (A)

183. At the time the summer solstice in the Northern hemisphere the length of the day will be 12 hours at the
(A) Tropic of Cancer
(B) Tropic of Capricorn
(C) Arctic Circle
(D) Equator
Ans: (D)

184. Where are day and night equal throughout year?
(A) North Pole (B) South Pole
(C) Equator (D) Nowhere
Ans: (C)

185. Equinox, the two periods in the year when day and night are equal, occurs on
(A) 21 March and 23 September
(B) 22 February and 23 August
(C) 15 October and 23 April
(D) 22 July and 22 December
Ans: (A)

186. On which date day and night are of equal duration?
(A) 22 June
(B) 23 September
(C) 22 December
(D) 21 February
Ans: (B)

187. The longest day in Northern hemisphere is
(A) 21 May
(B) 21 June
(C) 22 December
(D) 25 December
Ans: (B)

188. Shortest day of the year in Northern hemisphere is on
(A) 21 December
(B) 22 December
(C) 21 June
(D) 22 June
Ans: (B)

189. The longest day in Southern Hemisphere is
(A) 22 June
(B) 22 December
(C) 21 March
(D) 22 September
Ans: (B)

190. Which of the following is the longest day of the year?
(A) 22 July (B) 25 December
(C) 21 June (D) 23 March
Ans: (C)

191. On which of the following dates your shadow at noon is the smallest?
(A) 25 December (B) 21 March
(C) 21 June (D) 14 February
Ans: (C)

192. Summer Solstice occurs every year on
(A) 23 September
(B) 21 March
(C) 4 July
(D) 21 June
Ans: (D)

193. Which of the following method is used to determine the age of the Earth?
(A) Carbon dating for age of the fossils
(B) Germanium dating
(C) Uranium dating
(D) All of the above
Ans: (C)

194. Which of the following scholar has suggested that the Earth has originated from the gases and the dust particles?
(A) James Jeans (B) H. Alfven
(C) F. Hoyal (D) O. Schmidt
Ans: (D)

195. Continents have drifted apart because of
(A) Volcanic eruptions
(B) Tectonic activities
(C) Folding and faulting of rocks
(D) All of the above
Ans: (B)

196. What was the period of the Dinosaurs?
(A) Five crore years ago
(B) Eighteen crore years ago
(C) Forty crore years ago
(D) Eighty crore years ago
Ans: (A)

197. Which of the following periods has generally been considered to be the ‘Littile Ice Age’?
(A) 750 A.D. – 850 A.D.
(B) 950 A.D. – 1250 A.D.
(C) 1650 A.D. – 1870 A.D.
(D) 8000 to 10,000 years B.P.
(Before Present)
Ans: (C)

198. Great Ice-Age is related to
(A) Pleistocene (B) Oligocene
(C) Holocene (D) Eocene
Ans: (A)

199. On the Earth, originally there was only one huge landmass which is known as
(A) Panthalassa
(B) Pangea
(C) Laurasia
(D) Gondwana land
Ans: (B)

200. India was the part of ancient Gondwana land Supercontinent. It includes the following landmass of the present
(A) South America
(B) Africa
(C) Australia
(D) All of the above
Ans: (D)

201. First fossil evidence for the existence of life on Earth is
(A) 0.3 million years back
(B) 3.5 million years back
(C) 5 million years back
(D) 10 million years back
Ans: (B)

202. Which one of the following continuents was not a part of Gondwana Land?
(A) North America
(B) South America
(C) Africa
(D) Australia
Ans: (A)

203. The Prime Meridian passes through
1. Algeria 2. France
3. Nigeria 4. Portugal Use the code below to select the correct answer. Code
(A) 1 and 2 (B) 2 and 3
(C) 3 and 4 (D) 1 and 3
Ans: (A)

204. Folding is the result of
(A) Epeirogenic force
(B) Coriolis force
(C) Orogenic force
(D) Exogenic force
Ans: (C)

205. The standard time of the following countries is ahead of or behind Greenwich Mean Time depending on whether they are East or West of the longitude passing through, Greenwich.
1. Cuba 2. Greece
3. Iraq 4. Costa Rica
5. Japan Which one of the following sequential orders gives the correct arrangement of the countries according to their standard time from ahead to behind GMT?
(A) 5, 3, 2, 1, 4 (B) 2, 4, 1, 3, 5
(C) 4, 1, 3, 2, 5 (D) 3, 5, 4, 1, 2
Ans: (A)

206. Time of which of the following places is equal to the time of GMT?
1. Accra 2. Dublin
3. Madrid 4. Lisbon Use the code below to select the correct answer. Code
(A) 1, 2 and 3 (B) 1, 3 and 4
(C) 1, 2 and 4 (D) 2, 3 and 4
Ans: (C)

207. Think about the following countries.
1. Australia 2. Namibia
3. Brazil 4. Chile Tropic of Capricorn passes through which of the following countries? Code
(A) Only 1 (B) 2, 3 and 4
(C) 1, 2 and 3 (D) 1, 2, 3 and 4
Ans: (D)

208. Statement (A): Time interval at the dateline is 12 hours from the Greenwich. Reason (R): Dateline is situated at 180º meridian. Using following options choose the correct answer.
(A) (A), (R) both are correct and
(R) is the correct explanation of
(B) (A) and (R) both are correct, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(C) (A) is correct, but (R) is false
(D) (R) is correct, but (A) is false
Ans: (A)

209. Consider the following.
1. Electromagnetic radiation
2. Geothermal energy
3. Gravitational force
4. Plate movements
5. Rotation of Earth
6. Revolution of the Earth Which of the following above are responsible for bringing dynamic changes on the surface of the Earth?
(A) 1, 2, 3 and 4
(B) 1, 3, 5 and 6
(C) 2, 4, 5 and 6
(D) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6
Ans: (D)

210. Which of the following phenomenon might have influenced the evolution of organisms?
1. Continental drift
2. Glacial cycles Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(A) Only 1
(B) Only 2
(C) Both 1 and 2
(D) Neither 1 nor 2
Ans: (C)

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